The Seven Types of Commercial Real Estate

Posted on June 26, 2019

WHAT IS COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE?

You probably have a good idea of what defines commercial real estate (CRE)—it’s real estate used for commercial purposes, right? The official definition of CRE is any property used for business purposes or to provide a workspace rather than a living space. Put simply, CRE is any property held to generate capital.

There are seven main categories of CRE. Within these respective groups, the properties are further defined based on location or intended use. Read on to learn more.

OFFICE

Office properties are located in both urban and suburban areas and include everything from small professional buildings to skyscrapers. They are classified into three distinct categories according to their location and construction.

    • Class A: Considered top-of-the-line properties and are located in the best locations for office space. They have the highest quality building standards and finishes and commonly come equipped with cutting-edge technology. Class A properties also fetch the highest rent.
    • Class B: Compete for an array of various users and come with average rents. Building quality is good, as is the property’s infrastructure, but it doesn’t quite compete with the location and desirability of Class A properties. However, Class B properties can be just the right middle ground between the more expensive Class A and the less desirable Class C buildings.
    • Class C: Typically have lower quality finishes than Class A and B properties, and may be in less accessible locations, but could be just right for tenants that require lower rent in a specific area.

RETAIL

From restaurants to shopping centers, retail properties house the businesses we frequent. Retail properties can be single- or multi-tenanted. You drive past or visit these properties every day. Large big-box chains are easily-recognizable examples of single-tenant retail properties. Multi-tenant retail properties, on the other hand, are the strip malls with that hole-in-the-wall restaurant you just can’t get enough of.

INDUSTRIAL

Buildings capable of anything from heavy manufacturing to warehouse space are considered industrial properties and are often grouped into large industrial parks. Industrial properties are commonly located outside urban areas, with quick access to major transportation routes. Industrial properties are grouped into the following four specific categories:

    • Heavy manufacturing: Typically house large and small machinery alike required to produce goods.
    • Light assembly: Used for simpler product assembly.
    • Bulk warehouse: Large distribution centers used to house large amounts of goods.
    • Flex industrial: Properties that combine both industrial and office space.

MULTIFAMILY

This type of CRE includes residential properties not considered single-family dwellings and includes apartment buildings, townhomes and condos. Similar to office buildings, multifamily properties are rated Class A, B or C. Apartment buildings in the multifamily category are more specifically defined by the following sizes:

    • High-rise: Buildings with more than nine floors and at least one elevator.
    • Mid-rise: Multi-story buildings with an elevator but shorter than high-rise—typically between five and nine floors.
    • Garden: Two- to three-story buildings often found in urban locations without elevators. Parking for these buildings is often found on the street.

HOTEL

Yep, hotels. We all love to see their welcoming, warm lights glistening off the dark interstate through tired eyes. More technically, hotel properties include establishments that provide accommodations, meals and other services for travelers. These, like other categories, are further defined by the services they provide:

    • Full-service: Four Seasons, Marriott and Ritz Carlton are full-service hotels. This category consists of properties that provide room service and have attached restaurants. Many full-service hotels also include convention space.
    • Limited-service: Smaller chains or independent hotels that don’t offer room service, convention space or on-site restaurants.
    • Extended-stay: Often limited in service but have fully-equipped kitchens in the rooms for longer stays.

LAND

This category includes farm and ranch land. But it also includes land that has been previously used for commercial or industrial purposes. These properties are often rezoned and available for re-use as a new development.

SPECIAL PURPOSE

Any property that doesn’t fall into the other categories is considered special purpose. It sounds like a lot—and it can be. Special purpose properties include amusement parks, sports arenas, religious facilities, self-storage units, refineries, mills and many others.

HELP FOR ALL YOUR CRE NEEDS

Chris Falk has extensive experience in CRE and can help with any question that you might have. Contact him for any of your CRE needs at (801) 416-1024 or cfalk@ngacres.com.